Sicilia (Sicily) is an island territory, the largest in the Mediterranean, that practically touches the tip of the Italian peninsula (Calabria). Palermo is its capital and largest city. Sicily is well-known for its beaches and Greek ruins on the south and east coasts, as well as its world-renowned food. Sicilia was originally best known for the dessert wine Marsala, but today it is better known for the dry wines of Etna, as well as its vast volume of everyday-drinking red and white wines. It has one DOCG, 23 DOCs, and seven IGPs. Sicilia's wine output has been declining as the emphasis shifts away from mass blending wines and toward higher quality, and it was at its lowest level in many years in 2020, at less than 4.5 million hl (49.6 million cases). Sicilia still has the greatest vineyard acreage of any Italian region—118,620 ha (293,000 acres)—but its productivity is less than half that of Veneto. The wine is still largely IGP, but with the formation and promotion of Sicilia DOC, it has witnessed a significant increase at the DOP level, now accounting for about 30% of production. Nero d'Avola and Grillo are the region's prominent grape varieties.
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